|Constituent||Volume||Percent Fracturing Fluid||Examples of Constiuents|
|Water||20,000 - 50,000 m3||80-88%||Fresh, brackish, saline water|
|Sand||1,500 - 7,500 tonnes||10-16%||Crystalline silica, ceramic materials|
|Chemicials||100 - 400 m3||2-4%||Friction reducer, surfactant, gelling agents|
NuVista’s hydraulic fracturing operations have never had an incident or suspected case of affected groundwater. Many of NuVista’s employees live directly in our areas of operation and we pride ourselves on developing natural gas resources in a safe and responsible manner for all of our neighbors and employees.